The most common types of alopecia
- Male alopecia (androgenic)
- Alopecia areata
- Caused by a bad diet
- Caused by systemic diseases
Several factors are responsible for this: a decrease in collagen production, stress, metabolism disorders (free radicals), improper diet (deficiency of amino acids, copper, zinc, selenium, iron), improper care, too aggressive cosmetic procedures. Hair becomes weaker, more brittle and thinner. Their growth phase is shorter. In case of excessive or too rapid hair loss, it is necessary, first of all, to perform basic tests to eliminate the disease cause. The most common causes of hair loss: taking certain medications, ionizing radiation, poisoning with heavy metals (arsenic, lead), hormone disorders, autoimmune diseases, e.g. thyroid diseases, genetic conditions, diseases with high fever, chronic diseases: tumors, lupus erythematosus.
In addition, hair ages, just like skin. Over the years, it becomes dry, thinner, less dense, it loses shine.
Male alopecia is associated with disturbances in the production of hormones (androgens) and is often genetic. It is caused by the sensitivity of the hair follicle to a testosterone derivative. The phase of hair growth is shortened, making the hair thinner, while the bulb moves towards the surface of the skin. As a result of these changes, the very process of hair growth is also disturbed. New hair resembles the so-called nap.
In the treatment of alopecia, preparations that strongly stimulate hair growth are used. The treatment is selected by the doctor, for each patient individually, depending on the cause and type of baldness. Procedures used in the treatments of alopecia are aimed at increasing the blood supply in the area around the hair follicle, and thus better nourishing the hair. This action slows or stops hair loss and facilitates the regrowth of thicker hair in a new growth phase.