What is it
Seborrheic dermatitis SD, also known as seborrheic eczema, is a chronic and recurrent skin disease. It most often occurs during puberty but can occur at any age.
Characteristics are exfoliating and itchy lesions on the basis of erythema, often with the presence of yellow scabs (sometimes with crust formation), in the area with the highest presence of sebaceous glands on the scalp skin, face (forehead, nasolabial folds, eyebrows, ears) and back and around the folds of the skin.
There are many factors that can cause SD. First of all, the activity of the sebaceous glands is disturbed, which promotes the development of bacteria and fungi present on the skin, and reduces immunity, as well as an improper diet. The regeneration of epidermal cells is disturbed, which leads to accelerated keratosis. Due to the exfoliation of the lesions, the skin may become discolored, and in case of the scalp, hair may fall out.
Treatment of SD is complex, long and depends on its location. Local and general pharmacological treatment is applied, as well as prophylaxis due to the recurrent nature of the disease and treatments.